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Marwa Salim Mohammad


This research involves an examination of the temporal and spatial changes in the proportion of reflected rays (albedo). It includes a comparison between the Khanaqin and Khalis districts, utilizing remote sensing data. This study aims to provide a clearer understanding of the factors that influence reflected solar radiation. The research observed changes over time, specifically across the four seasons (winter, spring, summer, and autumn), as well as spatial variations between the two study areas. These variations were found to be influenced by the topography and land covers present in each area. During the summer season, the city of Al-Khalis recorded the highest value of reflected rays at 0.26, while Khanaqin recorded a slightly higher value of 0.27. On the other hand, the lowest value of reflected rays was observed during the winter season in Al-Khalis at 0.15, and in Khanaqin at 0.20. Based on NASA satellite climate data from 1990-2022, the rates for the spring and fall seasons in the city of Khalis range from 0.17 to 0.18, while in Khanaqin, they range from 0.18 to 0.19.


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Mohammad, M. S. (2024). Chronotope Modeling of the Ratio of Albedo’s Reflected Rays in Khanaqin and Al-Khalis Districts Using Remote Sensing Data: A Comparative Study. Journal of Tikrit University for Humanities, 31(6), 255–270.


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