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Haneen Younis Muhammad
Wathiq Omar Musa


The current research aims to identify the level of self-efficacy of university teachers.  It also shows the statistically significant differences in self-efficacy according to the gender variable (male, female) and specialization (scientific, human).  To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher prepared a scale (self-efficacy), consisting of (41) items, and each item had alternatives. The researcher applied the tool to a randomly selected research sample consisting of (300) male and female teachers.  They have a high level of self-efficacy, and there are no statistically significant differences according to the variable of gender and specialization.


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Muhammad, H. Y., & Musa, W. O. (2024). Self-efficacy of university teachers. Journal of Tikrit University for Humanities, 31(5), 224–245.


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