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Noha Jassim Muhammad
Abdel Wahab Hussein khalaf


This research deals with simile, which is one of the basic sections of the science of rhetoric. It is based on extracting the rhetorical purposes of simile and explain their types in the book Brief Dictation in Explanation of Gharib Al-Sir, and what indicates its importance due to its frequent occurrence in the Holy Qur’an and the noble hadiths of the Prophet, the words of the Arabs, and Arabic poetry through the use of poetic images that poets used to highlight their ideas, meanings, and lives in different methods, as Al-Khushani took a careful and precise stance on many issues of simile through his explanation of the stranger who was mentioned in the biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hisham.


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How to Cite
Muhammad, N. J., & khalaf, A. W. H. (2024). The Simile according to Abu Dharr Musab bin Masoud Al-Khushni (d. 604) in His Book Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar fi Sharh Gharib Al-Sir. Journal of Tikrit University for Humanities, 31(5), 20–39.


Al-Ain: Al-Khalil bin Ahmed Al-Farahidi, 3/404, article (semi).

Lisan al-Arab: by Ibn Manzur, 13/503.

Al-Kamil fi Al-Lughah wal-Adab, by Al-Mubarrad, vol. 3/41.

Jokes about the miracle of the Qur’an: Al-Rummani, 81.

Key to Science: Al-Sakaki, 332.

Al-Talkhīsh by Al-Qazwini: 238, and Al-Iḥidah by Al-Qazwini: 164.

See: Al-Mutawil by Al-Taftazani: 516, Al-Itqan by Al-Suyuti: 3/142, Arous Al-Afrah by Al-Subki: 2/20, Al-Burhan by Al-Zarkashi: 3/414, Mu’tariq Al-Aqraan by Al-Suyuti: 1/202, Al-Athwal by Al-Hanafi: 2/126, and Anwar Al-Rabi’ by Ibn Infallible: 5/195.

See: Al-Ihdah: 201.

Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/195.

Al-Iqlah Al-Mukhtasar by Al-Khashni: 1/147.

Language Standards by Ibn Faris: 3/107.

Al-Rawd al-Anf by Al-Suhayli: 2/281 and 282.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 2/218.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 2/138 and 139.

Al Ain: 5/351.

Uyun al-Athar fi Funun al-Maghazi, Shama’il and Sir: Fath al-Din, vol. 2/86.

See: Al-A’lam by Al-Zirakli: 8/98, and Arab Poets in Pre-Islamic times and Islam: 1/130.

Brief Dictation: 2/115 and 116.

Lisan al-Arab: 1/479.

See: Al-Misbah Al-Mudhi by Ibn Hadidah: 1/121 and 122.

See: Explanation: 200.

Munhah Al-Bari with an explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari by Al-Shafi’i: 7/192.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 3/178.

Al-Ain: 4/457.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/229.

Brief Dictation: 1/157.

Lisan al-Arab: 7/36

See: Al-Rawd al-Anf: 2/242 and 243.

Sahih Muslim: 4/2029.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/332, and Al-Rawd al-Anf: 3/215.

Brief Dictation: 1/139 and 140.

Language Standards: 1/307.

Biography of Ibn Hisham 1/172.

See: Diwan of Umayyah ibn Abi Salt: 22.

Brief Dictation: 2/78 and 79.

Lisan al-Arab: 1/724.

Biography of Ibn Hisham: T. Al-Saqqa: 2/32.

Clarification: 192.

Diwan Al-Farazdaq: 422 and 424.

Brief Dictation: 1/161.

Lisan al-Arab: 3/357.

Asrar al-Balagha by al-Jurjani: 1/240.

Al-Rawd Al-Anf: 2/435.

See: The Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hisham: 1/557.

See: Diwan al-Hudhaliyin: 2/35.

Brief Dictation: 2/22.

Lisan La Arab: 12/329.

Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hisham: 1/557.

See: Tafsir al-Tabari: 7/125.

See: The Biography of the Prophet by Ibn Hisham: 4/148, and Al-A`lam: 2/172.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 2/181.

Language standards: 3/106.

Biography of Ibn Hisham, published by Al-Saqqa: 2/194.

Diwan of Kaab bin Malik: 102.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 2/138 and 139.

Lisan al-Arab: 8/88.

Al-Rawd Al-Anf: 6/154.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/259.

Brief dictation: 1/122 and 123.

Language Standards: 3/475.

Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/128.

Clarification: 191.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/490, and Al-Ahad wal-Mathani by Ibn Abi Al-Asim: 2/274.

Brief Dictation: 2/12.

Lisan al-Arab: 4/147.

Al-Majmu’ Al-Mugheeth fi Gharibi Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadith by Al-Isfahani: 1/347.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham, Al-Saqqa: 2/210, Al-Rawd al-Anf: 6/229.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 2/191.

Lisan al-Arab: 3/281.

Al-Rawd Al-Anf: 6/257.

Biography of Ibn Hisham, published by Al-Saqqa: 1/360.

Brief Dictation: 2/37

Al-Ain: 7/365.

Gharib al-Hadith, by Abu Ishaq: 1/97.

Diwan of Ru’bah bin Al-Ajaj: 181.

Brief Dictation: 1/91.

Language Standards: 4/328.

See: Sharh Sawahid al-Mughni: 1/503.

See: Al-Tahrir wa Al-Tanweer: 30/551.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/194 and 195, and Al-Rawd al-Anf: 2/261.

Brief Dictation: 1/146.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/195.

Lisan al-Arab: 1/457.

See: Miftah al-Ulum: 356.

Brief Dictation: 1/150.

Lisan al-Arab: 12/627.

Liberation and Enlightenment: 27/310.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/201, and Al-A`lam: 2/119.

Jarir’s collection: explained by Muhammad bin Habib: 2/908.

Brief Dictation: 1/149.

Al-Ain: 1/129.

Al-Rawd Al-Anf: 2/192 and 193.

Diwan Katheer Izzah: 233.

Brief Dictation: 1/109.

Language standards: 2/188.

See: Al-Idhah: 189, and Al-Atwal fi Sharh Takhris Al-Muftah Al-Ulum: 1/80.

Diwan al-Marqasheen 67 and 68.

Brief Dictation: 2/49.

Lisan al-Arab: 12/429.

See: Ilm al-Bayan by Abdul Aziz Ateeq: 1/116.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/65.

Diwan of Umayyah bin Abi Salt: 72.

Brief dictation: 1/99.

Lisan al-Arab: 13/406.

Al-Rawd Al-Naf: 1/304.

See: Al-Misbah Al-Muda’i by Ibn Hadidah: 2/173.

See: Al-Ihdah: 189.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham: 1/378, and Al-Rawd al-Anf: 3/341.

Diwan of Abu Talib: 33.

Brief Dictation: 1/195.

Language standards: 2/37.

Al-Rawd al-Anf: 3/359 and 360.

Clarification: 183.

Diwan of Ka’b bin Zuhair: 60.

Al-Imlah Al-Mukhtasar: 3/133 and 134.

See: Biography of Ibn Hisham al-Saqqa: 2/504.