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Hussein Ali Kalaf


It was found through the research that the maximum temperature witnessed a positive change towards altitude and with statistical significance, as it recorded a change during the study period in the spring season, which amounted to (3.724) m in Sinjar station with statistical significance, and that the minimum temperature had a positive change during the period The study, where the autumn season recorded the highest positive change, reaching (4,142) m in the Tal Afar station. As for the rains, they witnessed a general trend of declining, which means that the study area is heading towards drought, followed by the change in the amount of rain, which recorded a negative change in all studied stations and was Tal Afar station has the highest change during the spring season (-68,438 mm) with strong statistical significance. As for the vegetation cover, according to the drought in the study area, it recorded a clear variation, as the very dense variety recorded the highest area during the year 1993, reaching (6%) and then decreased to (1%) during the years 2005 and 2009, while the dense variety recorded the highest area during In 1999 with a percentage of (39%) and the lowest percentage during the years 2009 and 2015 with a percentage of (9%). As for the weak category, it recorded the highest area during the year 2009 with a percentage of (58%) and the lowest area in the years 1993 and 2005 with a percentage of (37%).


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Kalaf, H. A. (2022). Analysis of the effect of change in temperature and rain on vegetation cover in alhadr district. Journal of Tikrit University for Humanities, 29(12, 1), 318–345.


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